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Thermoresponsive surface prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization directly from poly(vinylidene fluoride) for control of cell adhesion and detachment

Authors

  • Zhenjiang Ke,

    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
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  • Baihui Dai,

    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
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  • Liang Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
    • Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
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  • Guoping Yan,

    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
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  • Dongshan Zhou

    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Wuhan 430073, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Thermoresponsive surface was prepared from commercial poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) films via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization. The direct initiation of the secondary fluorinated site of PVDF facilitated grafting of the N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) monomer. The PVDF surfaces grafted with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) [P(NIPAAm)] were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Kinetics study revealed that the P(NIPAAm) chain growth from the PVDF surface was consistent with a “controlled” process. The temperature-dependent swelling behavior of the surfaces in aqueous solution was studied by atomic force microscope. At 37°C [above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST, about 32°C) of NIPAAm], the seeded cells adhered and spread on the NIPAAm grafted PVDF surface. Below the LCST, the cells detached from the P(NIPAAm)-grafted PVDF surface spontaneously. The thermoresponsive surfaces are potentially useful as stimuli-responsive adhesion modifiers in the biomedical fields.© 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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