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Numerical investigation of the effect of screw geometry on the mixing of a viscous polymer melt

Authors

  • C. Wang,

    1. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto M5S 3G8, Ontario, Canada
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  • M. Bussmann,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto M5S 3G8, Ontario, Canada
    • Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto M5S 3G8, Ontario, Canada
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  • C. B. Park

    1. Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto M5S 3G8, Ontario, Canada
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Abstract

In polymer extrusion processing, mixing enhancement is an important consideration when an extruder screw is being designed. There are a variety of mixing elements used in the extrusion industry, with little consensus about what differentiates a good mixing section from a poor one. However, good mixing is important for homogenizing the material structure and temperature profile in the flow channel. This article presents a numerical analysis of the role of screw geometry in mixing in a cooling extruder. Four geometries, typical of those used by the extrusion industry, are assessed by the study of the polymer melt flow and heat transfer in the screw channels. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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