Studies on the self-assembly of neat DBS and DBS/PPG organogels

Authors

  • Wei-Chi Lai,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Tamkang University, 151 Ying-Chuan Road, Tamsui 25137, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Tamkang University, 151 Ying-Chuan Road, Tamsui 25137, Taipei, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Chia-Hui Wu

    1. Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Tamkang University, 151 Ying-Chuan Road, Tamsui 25137, Taipei, Taiwan
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The self-assembly behavior of neat 1,3:2,4-dibenzylidene-D-sorbitol (DBS) and DBS/poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) organogels has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy, polarizing optical microscopy, and rheological measurements. DBS molecules are capable of self-organizing into fibrils and exhibit the birefringent spherulitic textures during cooling from the melt. On the other hand, DBS can self-assemble into a fibrillar network in PPG to produce organogels. DBS/PPG organogels also reveal a spherulite-like morphology. When a small amount of DBS is dispersed into a PPG matrix, we find that the spherulite sizes are much smaller than those of neat DBS. This is because the dilution of DBS causes DBS to self-assemble in PPG at a lower temperature. Therefore, more nucleation sites and smaller spherulite sizes are found in the DBS/PPG organogel system. The rheological measurements demonstrate that the elastic modulus (G′) in DBS/PPG organogels increases as the DBS concentration increases. However, the increase in G′ is less obvious, as the DBS content exceeds 3 wt %. suggesting that the DBS networks become saturated. Also, it is found that these organogels require a certain period of time to reach thermodynamic equilibrium, depending on DBS concentrations. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

Ancillary