Effect of dicarboxylic acids on the performance properties of polyurethane dispersions



A series of low molecular weight linear polyester polyols were synthesized by using various diacids, neopentyl glycol, as a diol, and a trimethylol propane, as a branching monomer. Polyurethane dispersions were prepared primarily from isophorone diisocyanate, polyester polyol, and dimethylol propionic acid, as potential ionic center for water dispersibility, and were subsequently chain extended with ethylene diamine. The effect of polyester polyols based on variable diacids, on the physico-chemical and thermal properties of polyurethane dispersions were evaluated by hardness, flexibility, impact resistance, solvent resistance, thermogravimetric analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry. Particle size was evaluated by particle size analyzer. It was observed that the number of alkylene groups present in the polyester polyol soft segment in addition to its molecular weight had a pronounced effect on the particle size, physico-chemical, and thermal properties. With a proper selection of the soft segment, it is possible to fine-tune properties of aqueous polyurethane dispersion coatings with respect to the final application. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010