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Keywords:

  • cold plasma;
  • plasma polymerization;
  • solid-state polymerization

Abstract

The radio-frequency plasma-initiated polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) in the solid state was performed. The isolated linear polymer was characterized by 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and the effects of selected operational plasma parameters (discharge power and time) on the conversion rates were studied. Reversible transitions at the volume-phase-transition temperatures of the swelled poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogels were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. The surface morphologies before and after plasma treatment were followed by scanning electron microscopy. With the obtained X-ray diffraction results, we propose a solid-state plasma polymerization mechanism for the NIPAM. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010