New sets of solubility parameters of linear and crosslinked aromatic polyamides



As generally accepted, also in the case of polyamides linear and crosslinked polymeric materials are believed to be characterized by the same solution properties and, consequently, by the same solubility parameters. However, despite their great practical importance, a thorough study aimed to determine the best solvent media able to dissolve linear aromatic polyamides has not been performed yet or, at least, has not been published. In this study, we report on our study on the solubility parameters of linear and crosslinked aromatic polyamides. We demonstrate that the assumption of considering these two classes as having the same solubility properties can lead to dramatically erroneous results. Two new different sets for linear and crosslinked aromatic polyamides are proposed. Namely, linear poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) is characterized by δp, δd, and δH equal to 8.6, 18.4, and 11.3, respectively; by contrast, the corresponding values of the crosslinked aromatic polyamides taken into consideration are: 11.5, 16.8, and 10.2. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010