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Keywords:

  • Biofibers;
  • composites;
  • mechanical properties;
  • fungal decay resistance

Abstract

The scope of the article was to study the perspectives of the using of wood derived fillers (WDF) from waste of different origin as fillers of polypropylene. The WDF used in this study was hard wood flour (HW), birch veneer polishing dust (VD) and tetra-pack carton cellulose fiber (TC). Some mechanical strength parameters, water uptake in the static and cyclic test and resistance to fungal decay of polypropylene (PP) composites containing these three types of WDF were studied and compared with similar loading (40 wt %) talc-filled PP. Composites containing TC and VD fibers as filler showed the highest flexural strength at three test temperatures (−40, +20, and +40°C) and flexural modulus and tensile strength at plus temperatures. On the other hand talc-filled PP exhibited greatest flexural modulus at minus temperature, greatest impact strength at room temperature and best flow ability. Significant difference was observed between PP composites with HW and VD fillers regarding water uptake in cyclic tests, however flexural strength and modulus change of composites were reversible after drying. No weight loss of WDF/PP composites was observed after 6 week exposure to brown- and white-rot fungi, however, degradation of the surface of samples was detected by SEM. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010