Mechanical properties and thermal aging behavior of styrene-butadiene rubbers vulcanized using liquid diene polymers as the plasticizer

Authors

  • Takeo Nakazono,

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    1. Sumitomo Rubber Industry, Ltd. (SRI), 1-1-2, Tsutsui-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 651-0071, Japan
    2. Department of Applied Chemistry and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka City University, 3-3-138, Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
    • Sumitomo Rubber Industry, Ltd. (SRI), 1-1-2, Tsutsui-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 651-0071, Japan
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  • Akikazu Matsumoto

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka City University, 3-3-138, Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
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Abstract

The mechanical properties of styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) vulcanizates prepared using various plasticizers including liquid polybutadiene and styrene-butadiene copolymers were investigated. The effect of the liquid polymers as the plasticizers on the mechanical properties of the polymers, such as the hardness, tensile storage modulus, tanδ, and the modulus at 100% elongation values, were determined before and after the thermal aging. As a result, it was revealed that the use of these liquid polymers gave less amount of change in the measurement values for the mechanical properties during the aging. The crosslinking density and the amount of free polymers were also determined on the basis of the swelling and extraction data, respectively, using several organic solvents. These results support the fact that the added liquid polymers are fixed to the SBR networks. We revealed the superiority of the liquid styrene-butadiene copolymers as the plasticizer, which provides sufficient mechanical properties after vulcanization and the excellent maintenance of the properties during the thermal aging process. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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