Effect of different curing systems on heat shrinkability and mechanical properties of ethylene vinyl acetate/epoxidized natural rubber blends

Authors

  • Varaporn Tanrattanakul,

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    1. Polymer Science Program, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hadyai, Songkla 90112, Thailand
    • Polymer Science Program, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hadyai, Songkla 90112, Thailand
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  • Thongsak Kaewprakob

    1. Polymer Science Program, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hadyai, Songkla 90112, Thailand
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Abstract

Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)/epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) blends containing 10 and 30 wt % ENR were prepared by using an internal mixer. Five different types of curing systems were employed: dicumyl peroxide (DCP), sulfur (S), phenolic resin (Ph), DCP + S, and DCP + Ph. DCP could crosslink with both EVA and ENR while S and Ph were curing agents for ENR. The DCP system provided the lowest tensile properties and tear strength because of low crosslinking in ENR phase. Addition of sulfur or phenolic resin increased the mechanical properties due to a better vulcanization of the rubber phase. The mechanical properties of the blends decreased with increasing ENR content. The rubber particle size in the blends containing 30% ENR played a more important role in the mechanical properties than the blends containing 10% ENR. ENR particle size did not affect heat shrinkability of EVA and a well vulcanized rubber phase was not required for high heat shrinkage. Furthermore, heat shrinkage of the blends slightly changed as the ENR content increased for all curing systems. With regard to the mechanical properties and heat shrinkability, the most appropriate curing system was DCP + Ph and in the case the 10 wt % ENR content produced a more favorable blend. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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