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Melt spinning of poly(vinylidene fluoride) fibers and the influence of spinning parameters on β-phase crystallinity

Authors

  • Anja Lund,

    Corresponding author
    1. Swedish School of Textiles, University of Borås, SE-501 90 Borås, Sweden
    2. Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
    • Swedish School of Textiles, University of Borås, SE-501 90 Borås, Sweden
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  • Bengt Hagström

    1. Textiles and Plastics Department, Swerea IVF, Box 104, SE-431 22 Mölndal, Sweden
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Abstract

The effects of melt-spinning and cold-drawing parameters on the formation of β-phase crystallinity in poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) fibers and ways of increasing such crystallinity were studied. Fibers were melt-spun with four different melt draw ratios (MDRs) and were subsequently cold-drawn at different draw ratios (λ). The maximum λ value in cold drawing was dependent on the MDR used in melt spinning. The crystalline structure of the fibers was studied mainly with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the degree of crystallinity in the fibers was determined by the MDR and that before cold drawing the crystalline structure of the fibers was predominantly in the α form. By cold drawing, α-phase crystallites could be transformed into the β phase. It was established that, under certain conditions of melt spinning and cold drawing, PVDF fibers of up to 80% crystallinity, mainly in the β form, could be prepared. It was further proposed that fibers spun at a sufficiently high MDR consist to a large extent of extended-chain crystals, and this greatly affects the melting point of PVDF. Thus, DSC melting-point data were shown to be insufficient for determining the crystalline phase of PVDF. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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