Get access

Mechanical and antibacterial properties of modified nano-ZnO/high-density polyethylene composite films with a low doped content of nano-ZnO

Authors

  • Shu-Cai Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
    • College of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ya-Na Li

    1. College of Packaging and Printing Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Nano-ZnO/high-density polyethylene (HDPE) composite films were prepared via melt blending and a hot compression-molding process. The properties, including ultraviolet absorption, mechanical and antibacterial properties of the films, and plasticizing behavior of the composites, were investigated. The results show that the absorbance in the ultraviolet region of the HDPE films was enhanced after the addition of modified nano-ZnO to the HDPE matrix. Also, we found that improvement in the HDPE films of the tensile strength and elongation at break was achieved by the incorporation of modified ZnO nanoparticles up to 0.5 wt % in contrast with the original nano-ZnO/HDPE composite films. Antibacterial testing was carried out via plate counting, and the results indicate that the HDPE films doped with modified ZnO nanoparticles showed favorable antibacterial activity, especially for Staphylococcus aureus. However, the low doped content of modified nano-ZnO in the HDPE matrix made the balance torque of the composites increase slightly. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

Ancillary