Chelation ion-exchange study of copolymer resin derived from 8-hydroxyquinoline 5-sulphonic acid, oxamide, and formaldehyde



Copolymers (8-HQ5-SAOF) were synthesized by the condensation of 8-hydroxyquinoline 5-sulphonic acid (8-HQ5-SA) and oxamide (O) with formaldehyde (F) in the presence of acid catalyst. Four different copolymers were synthesized by using varied molar proportion of the reacting monomers. Copolymer resin composition has been determined on the basis of their elemental analysis and average molecular weights of these resins were determined by conductometric titration in nonaqueous medium. Viscometric measurement in dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) has been carried out with a view to ascertain the characteristic functions and constants. Electronic spectra, FTIR, and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were studied to elucidate the structures. The newly synthesized copolymer proved to be a selective chelating ion-exchange copolymer for certain metals. The chelating ion-exchange properties of this synthesized copolymer was studied for different metal ions such as Fe3+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+. A batch equilibrium method was used in the study of the selectivity of metal ion uptake involving the measurements of the distribution of a given metal ion between the copolymer sample and a solution containing the metal ion only for representative copolymer 8-HQ5-SAOF-I due to economy of space. The study was carried out over a wide pH range, shaking time, and in media of various ionic strengths. The copolymer showed a higher selectivity for Fe3+, Cu2+, and Ni2+ ions than for Co2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+ ions. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010