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Keywords:

  • polysaccharides;
  • biomaterials;
  • hydrophilic polymers;
  • modification

Abstract

Guar gum is a galactomannan commonly used as a viscosity modifier in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics industry. The aim of this study was to synthesize acryloyloxy guar gum via a Schotten-Bauman reaction in aqueous media. The reaction products were characterized using FTIR, C13-NMR, wide angle X-ray diffraction techniques to ascertain the effect of acrylation on the structure of guar gum. The acrylation of guar gum was found to be limited to the primary hydroxyl groups on the guar gum molecule. The maximum degree of substitution (DS) was found to be 0.56, which was observed after 3 h of reaction. Since the reaction was carried out in an aqueous medium after 3 h of reaction the DS of the derivatised guar gum was found to decrease, because of hydrolysis of the formed ester linkages. The ester content and intrinsic viscosity of the derivatised guar gums were also evaluated. Thermal analysis showed that a higher DS resulted in products with lower thermal stability and there was no evidence of reaction via the acrylate groups on heating. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010