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Preparation of O-carboxymethyl-N-trimethyl chitosan chloride and flocculation of the wastewater in sugar refinery

Authors

  • Shi-Qian Li,

    1. Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, College of Resource Environmental and Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China
    2. Guangxi Key Laboratory for Subtropical Bio-Resource Conservation and Utilization, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, People's Republic of China
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  • Pei-Jiang Zhou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, College of Resource Environmental and Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China
    • Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, College of Resource Environmental and Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China
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  • Ping-Jia Yao,

    1. Guangxi Key Laboratory for Subtropical Bio-Resource Conservation and Utilization, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, People's Republic of China
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  • Yuan-An Wei,

    1. Guangxi Key Laboratory for Subtropical Bio-Resource Conservation and Utilization, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, People's Republic of China
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  • Yun-Hua Zhang,

    1. Hubei Biomass-Resource Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Key Laboratory, College of Resource Environmental and Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China
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  • Wu Yue

    1. Guangxi Key Laboratory for Subtropical Bio-Resource Conservation and Utilization, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

A novel water soluble amphiphilic O- carboxymethyl-N-trimethyl Chitosan chloride (CMTMC) was synthesized. The structure of this material was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C-NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The results showed that CMTMC had been successfully prepared. To determine the flocculation performance of the synthesized amphiphilic polymer, a comparison was made among Chitosan (CS), N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC), O-carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC), and CMTMC on the turbidity and COD removal efficiency of 1% (v/v) wastewater in sugar refinery suspensions at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 9.0 at a dosage range of 0–8 mg/L. The results showed that the water soluble amphiphilic polymer CMTMC, which contains longer polymer anion and polymer cation, had the best performance not only in turbidity removal but also in COD removal on sugar refinery wastewater. The using of CMTMC as a flocculant to treat wastewater in sugar refinery was actually more effective than CS, CMC, and TMC. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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