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Relaxation behavior of conductive carbon black reinforced chlorosulfonated polyethylene composites

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Abstract

Dynamic mechanical analysis and dielectric relaxation spectra of conductive carbon black reinforced chlorosulfonated polyethylene (CSM) composites were used to study their relaxation behavior as a function of temperature and frequency, respectively. A marginal increase in glass transition temperature has been observed upto 30 phr carbon black filled polymer composite, beyond which it decreases, which has been explained on the basis of aggregation of filler particles in the polymer matrix. The strain dependent dynamical parameters were evaluated at dynamic strain amplitudes of 0.1–200%. The nonlinearity in storage modulus increases with increase in filler loading. It can be explained on the basis of filler–polymer interaction and aggregation of the filler particulates. The frequency dependent dynamical mechanical analysis has also been studied at frequency range of 0.1–100 Hz. The variation in real and complex part of impedance with frequency has been studied as a function of filler loading. The effect of filler loading on ac conductivity has been observed as a function of frequency. An increase in conductivity value has been observed with increase in filler loading. This can be explained on the basis of formation of conducting paths between filler particulates. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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