Bamboo tar-based polyurethane wood coatings



Bamboo tar is a natural resource of aromatic polyol obtained from a residue of by setting or distilling crude bamboo vinegar. In this study, the two-packed polyurethane (PU) coatings were prepared by blending bamboo tar and castor oil varying with different weight ratios and polymeric toluene diisocyanate (PTDI) was used as a hardener at the NCO/OH molar ratio of 1.0. Six kinds of PU coatings were formulated and the viscosity, pot-life, drying time, mechanical properties (hardness, tensile strength, impact resistance, adhesion, and abrasion resistance), gel content, durability, lightfastness, FTIR, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) were characterized. The results indicated that the bamboo tar containing PU film appearance is semitransparent yellow-brown color and the wood texture could be kept after finishing. All PU films possessed excellent adhesion as well as durability. The increase in bamboo tar content led to shorten drying time of coatings and to increase in hardness, tensile strength, lightfastness, and thermal stability of films. From these results and due to a light smell flavor, it is suggested that the bamboo tar-based PU coatings is suitable to be used as an exterior wood coatings. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010