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Synthesis and characterization of new soluble polyamides from an unsymmetrical diamine bearing a bulky triaryl pyridine pendent group



New unsymmetrical diamine monomer containing triaryl pyridine pendent group, 2,4-diaminophenyl [4-(2, 6-diphenyl-4-pyridyl) phenyl]ether, was synthesized via aromatic substitution reaction of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene with 4-(2,6-diphenyl-4-pyridyl) phenol, followed by Pd/C-catalyzed hydrazine reduction. Five Polyamides (PA) were prepared by the phosphorylation polycondensation of different dicarboxylic diacids with the diamine. Inherent viscosities of PAs were in the range 0.51–0.59 g/dL indicating formation of medium molecular weight polymers. The weight and number average molecular weights of a PA, (PA-d), determined by GPC were 6944 g/mol and 17,369 g/mol, respectively. PAs exhibited glass-transition temperatures (Tg) in the range 140–235°C. These polymers, essentially amorphous, were soluble in polar aprotic solvents such as DMF, NMP, DMAc, DMSO, pyridine, m-cresol, and THF. The initial decomposition temperatures (Ti) of PAs, determined by TGA in air, were in the range 300–380°C indicating their good thermal stability. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010