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Surface photografting: New application for flame retardant finishing of polyamide6.6 (PA6.6) fabric

Authors

  • Wei Liu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory on Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymeric Materials, College of Materials and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Sheng Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory on Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymeric Materials, College of Materials and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    • Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Lihua Yu,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Xiaosui Chen,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory on Preparation and Processing of Novel Polymeric Materials, College of Materials and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Lingyao Li,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Qingli Feng,

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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  • Xinjun Zhu

    1. Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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Abstract

Surface photografting modification with maleic anhydride (MAn) under UV irradiation in association with a post reaction with triethanolamine has been used to improve the flame retardancy of polyamide6.6 (PA6.6) fabric in this study. The effects of irradiation time and monomer concentration on the fabric surface grafting were investigated. The flame retardancy and thermal decomposition behavior of the samples were characterized by limiting oxygen index test (LOI), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC), and the results indicate that flame retardancy of the treated PA6.6 fabric samples has been significantly improved. The chemical structures of the treated samples' surface were characterized by attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and the possible photochemical mechanisms were discussed. It is suggested that this could be the first time to use photografting technology to enhance the flame retardancy of PA6.6 fabric. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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