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Keywords:

  • ammonium polyphosphate;
  • montmorillonite;
  • nanocompound;
  • flame retardancy

Abstract

Ammonium polyphosphate (APP)/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocompounds were prepared. The crystal forms and morphologies of the nanocompounds were studied by XRD, FTIR, SEM, and TEM. The APP/MMT nanocompounds were applied to intumescent flame-retarded polypropylene (PP) composites. The PP composites were studied by using oxygen index measurements, UL-94 flame testing, thermogravimetric analysis, and mechanical measurement. It was found that the APP/MMT nanocompounds enhanced the flame retardancy of the IFR/PP compared with the form II APP and its mixture with micro-MMT. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010