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Synthesis and characterization of alginate-g-vinyl sulfonic acid with a potassium peroxydiphosphate/thiourea system



Alginate-g-vinyl sulfonic acid graft copolymer was synthesized through the graft copolymerization of vinyl sulfonic acid (VSA) onto alginate with an efficient system, i.e., potassium peroxydiphosphate (PDP)/thiourea in an aqueous medium. The effects of the concentration of thiourea, PDP, hydrogen ion, alginate, and VSA along with the time and temperature on the graft copolymerization were studied by the determination of the grafting parameters (grafting ratio, add-on, conversion, grafting efficiency, and homopolymer). The synthesized graft copolymer was characterized by FTIR analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the alginate-g-vinyl sulfonic acid is thermally more stable than alginate. Water swelling capacity, metal ion sorption, flocculation, and resistance to biodegradability studies of synthesized graft copolymer have been performed with respect to the parent polymer. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010