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Adsorption of Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ag(I) in aqueous solution on hollow chitosan microspheres

Authors

  • Shan Wang,

    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China
    2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Xianyang Normal University, Xianyang 712000, Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China
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  • Demei Yu

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Chemistry, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China
    • Department of Applied Chemistry, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China
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Abstract

Cross-linked chitosans synthesized by the inverse emulsion cross-link method were used to investigate adsorption of three metal ions [Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ag(I)] in an aqueous solution. The chitosan microsphere, was characterized by FTIR and SEM, and adsorption of Cd(II), Pb(II), and Ag(I) ions onto a cross-linked chitosan was examined through analysis of pH, agitation time, temperature, and initial concentration of the metal. The order of adsorption capacity for the three metal ions was Cd2+ > Pb2+ > Ag+. This method showed that adsorption of the three metal ions in an aqueous solution followed the monolayer coverage of the adsorbents through physical adsorption phenomena and coordination because the amino ([BOND]NH2) and/or hydroxy ([BOND]OH) groups on chitosan chains serve as coordination sites. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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