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A study of the effect of oxygen plasma treatment on the interfacial properties of carbon fiber/epoxy composites

Authors

  • Keming Ma,

    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, China
    2. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites Manufacturing Technology, Shenyang University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shenyang 110034, China
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  • Ping Chen,

    Corresponding author
    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, China
    • Liaoning Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012, China
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  • Baichen Wang,

    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites Manufacturing Technology, Shenyang University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shenyang 110034, China
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  • Guiling Cui,

    1. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites Manufacturing Technology, Shenyang University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Shenyang 110034, China
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  • Xinmeng Xu

    1. Shenyang Zijiang Package Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110027, China
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Abstract

In this work, effects of the interface modification on the carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy composites were studied. For this purpose, the surface of carbon fibers were modified by oxygen plasma treatment. The surface characteristics of carbon fibers were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), dynamic contact angle analysis (DCAA), and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), respectively. The interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) was also measured. XPS and AFM analyses indicated that the oxygen plasma treatment successfully increased some oxygen-containing functional groups concentration on the carbon fiber surfaces, the surface roughness of carbon fibers was enhanced by plasma etching and oxidative reactions. DCAA and DMTA analyses show that the surface energy of carbon fibers increased 44.9% after plasma treatment for 3 min and the interfacial bonding intensities A and α also reached minimum and maximum value respectively. The composites exhibited the highest value of ILSS after oxgen plasma treated for 3 min. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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