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Preparation, characterization, and properties of sodium montmorillonite clay/poly(styrene–butadiene–styrene) containing quaternary ammonium cations and photoinitiator nanocomposites via ultraviolet exposure

Authors

  • Guoliang Wu,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Yanyan Xie,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Encai Ou,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Lala Zhang,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Yuanqin Xiong,

    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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  • Weijian Xu

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
    • Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
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Abstract

A functionalized graft copolymer {poly(styrene–butadiene–styrene) (SBS)-g-4-benzoyl-N,N-dimethyl-N-[2-(2-methyl-1-oxo-2-propenyloxy)ethyl]benzenemethanaminium bromide (4-BBPDMAEMA)}, containing a photoinitiator, quaternary ammonium cations, and many C[DOUBLE BOND]C double bonds, was synthesized to modify clays, such as Na+–montmorillonite (MMT) clay, for the preparation of organic–inorganic nanocomposite resins via radical photoinduced crosslinking polymerization. The structure of SBS-g-4-BBPDMAEMA was characterized by Fourier transform infrared and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The corresponding SBS-g-4-BBPDMAEMA was found to have two functions: the capability to ionically exchange with sodium ions in the silicate gallery and the capability to synthesize exfoliated SBS/MMT nanocomposites by the UV crosslinking of intercalation polymerization. The results from the X-ray diffraction primarily reveal that the clay platelets should have been exfoliated or completely disordered. However, the results from transmission electron microcopy confirmed that a mixture of partially exfoliated and intercalated structures presented in the nanocomposites. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis testing indicated that the glass-transition temperature of the polybutadiene phase and polystyrene phase moved to a lower temperature. Data of thermogravimetric analysis and testing of the mechanical properties showed that the thermal stability and mechanical properties of SBS-g-4-BBPDMAEMA could be regulated by the crosslinking and content of MMT. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010

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