Effect of poly(epichlorohydrin) on the thermal and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl chloride)



Five kinds of polyepichlorohydrin (PECH) of different molecular weights were synthesized and characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Mechanical blending was used to mix PECH and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) together. The blends of different PVC/PECH ratios were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile tests, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). TGA results show the thermal stability of PVC/PECH blends is desirable. Tensile tests indicate elongation at break is raised by increasing both the amount and the molecular weight of PECH. DSC is used to determine the glass transition temperature of PECH, and a quite low Tg is obtained. DMA results indicate that PECH has a perfect compatibility with PVC, when PECH concentration is below 20 wt %. There is only one peak in each tan δ curve, and the corresponding Tg decreases as PECH amount increases. However, above 20 wt %, phase separation takes place. The molecular weight of PECH also has a great influence on the glass transition temperature of the blends. This study shows that PECH is an excellent plasticizer for PVC, and one can tailor the glass transition temperature and tensile properties by changing the amount and the molecular weight of PECH. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010