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Synthesis and characterization of poly(ether amide ether ketone)/poly(ether ketone ketone) copolymers



A new monomer, N,N′-bis(4-phenoxybenzoyl)-m-phenylenediamine (BPPD), was prepared by condensation of m-phenylenediamine with 4-phenoxybenzoyl chloride in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc). A series of novel poly(ether amide ether ketone) (PEAEK)/poly(ether ketone ketone) (PEKK) copolymers were synthesized by the electrophilic Friedel-Crafts solution copolycondensation of terephthaloyl chloride (TPC) with a mixture of diphenyl ether (DPE) and BPPD, over a wide range of DPE/BPPD molar ratios, in the presence of anhydrous AlCl3 and N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP) in 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE). The influence of reaction conditions on the preparation of copolymers was examined. The copolymers obtained were characterized by different physicochemical techniques. The copolymers with 10–25 mol % BPPD were semicrystalline and had remarkably increased Tgs over commercially available PEEK and PEKK due to the incorporation of amide linkages in the main chains. The copolymers III and IV with 20–25 mol % BPPD had not only high Tgs of 184–188°C, but also moderate Tms of 323–344°C, having good potential for the melt processing. The copolymers III and IV had tensile strengths of 103.7–105.3 MPa, Young's moduli of 3.04–3.11 GPa, and elongations at break of 8–9% and exhibited outstanding thermal stability and good resistance to organic solvents. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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