Poly(amidoamine) dendritic structures, bearing different end groups, as adhesion promoters for urea–formaldehyde wood adhesive system



A series of core-shell poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendritic compounds bearing different end groups such as [BOND]OH, NH2, and NH3+−Cl up to the third generation were prepared via successive Michael addition of a nucleophilic core (ethylenediamine) to methylacrylate followed by amination steps using ethylenediamine for the amine-terminated while ethanolamine for the hydroxyl-terminated compounds, also the protonated ammonium salt terminated form was obtained by cationization of the amine-terminated form using hydrochloric acid solution. The Surface activity and aggregation behavior of the corresponding aqueous solutions of the prepared generations with their different end groups were studied and confirmed by surface tension measurements using ring method technique. The prepared dendrimers showed high surface activity and the measurements revealed their ability to self aggregate in water at very low concentrations, critical aggregation concentrations (CACs). The CACs were found to decrease with increasing the generation number, which implies that molecular weight and structure play important rules in controlling the surface activity and CAC. The dendritic compounds proved to be effective as adhesion promoters for urea formaldehyde (UF) resins when applied as wood adhesive systems, which was ascribed in partial to the improved wetting over the substrate, a role that is fundamentally related to the huge number of function groups present at the interface. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011