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Synthesis and comparative solution properties of a cationic polyelectrolyte and its corresponding polyzwitterion from 1,1-diallyl-4-methoxycarbonylpiperidinium chloride

Authors

  • Hasan A. Al-Muallem

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    1. Department of Chemistry, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
    • Department of Chemistry, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract

The quaternary ammonium monomer 1,1-diallyl-4-methoxycarbonylpiperidinium chloride was synthesized in good yield. On polymerization in water using t-butylhydroperoxide as initiator, a cationic polyelectrolyte (CPE) with a five-membered cyclic structure on the polymeric backbone was obtained. On acid hydrolysis, followed by basification, the CPE gave the corresponding polybetaine (PB). The solution properties of these polymers were investigated by potentiometric and viscometric techniques. The PB demonstrated “antipolyelectrolyte” behavior. The basicity constant of the carboxylate functionality in the polyzwitterionic polymers was ‘apparent’ in a 0.1 N NaCl solution and followed the modified Henderson-Hasselbalch equation. It was found that as the degree of protonation (α) of the whole macromolecule increases, the protonation of the amine nitrogen becomes increasingly more difficult. Unlike other polyzwitterions/polybetaines, the PB was soluble in salt-free water. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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