Doxorubicin loading and in vitro release from poly(alkylcyanoacrylate) nanoparticles produced by redox radical emulsion polymerization



The aim of this work was to explore the capacity to load an anticancer agent Doxorubicin (Dox) on new poly(alkylcyanoacrylate) (PACA) nanoparticles prepared by redox radical emulsion polymerization (RREP). These nanoparticles present several advantages compared with the previously described PACA nanoparticles obtained by anionic emulsion polymerization (AEP). Their cytotoxicity was lower and because they do not activate the complement system, they are believed to behave like stealth nanoparticles after intravenous administration. Dox was incorporated during the preparation of the nanoparticles. However, the drug molecules were degraded by cerium IV, which is a strong oxidant agent. To avoid drug degradation, Dox must be loaded by adsorption on preformed nanoparticles. Optimal loading capacity was deduced from a Scatchard's analysis of the Dox adsorption pattern. The loading performance [Loading efficiency (LE) 74%, Loading content (LC) 3.7%], the Dox release and the amount of Dox retained by the new nanoparticles 75% were similar to those of the already well described PACA nanoparticles obtained by AEP (LE 79% and LC 4.2%, drug retention capacity 75%). It can be concluded that the loading and releasing properties make the new nanoparticles an interesting carrier candidate for the in vivo delivery of Dox. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011