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The unidirectional glass fiber reinforced furfuryl alcohol for pultrusion. II. Correlation of processing parameters for optimizing the process



Unidirectional glass fiber reinforced furfuryl alcohol (FA) composites have been prepared by the pultrusion processes. The optimum processing parameters of the glass fiber reinforced FA composites by pultrusion has been studied. The effects of the optimum processing parameters on the properties (flexural strength, flexural modulus, notched Izod impact strength, glass transition temperature (Tg), dynamic shear storage modulus (E'), shrinkage ratio, and roughness) investigated including die temperature, pulling rate, postcure temperature and time, and filler type and content. Results show that the pultruded composites possessed various optimum pulling rates at different die temperatures. On the basis of the DSC diagram, the swelling ratio and the mechanical properties of pultruded composites, the optimum die temperature can be determined. The mechanical properties and Tg increase at a suitable postcure temperature and time. Furthermore, the properties which decrease due to the degradation of pultruded composites for a long postcure time will be discussed. The mechanical properties of pultruded composites reach a maximum value at various filler content corresponding to the talc and calcium carbonate, respectively, and then decreased. When the fillers are added to the pultruded glass fiber reinforced FA composites, the shrinkage ratio of composites become smaller, and the surface of composites became smooth. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011