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Keywords:

  • polyurethanes;
  • polyphosphazenes;
  • fluorine-containing;
  • glass transition;
  • surface energy

Abstract

Fluorine-containing poly[bis-(2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-octafluoro-1-pentanol)1.6 (4-hydroxybutaneoxy)0.4 phosphazene] (OFHBP) was synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The obtained OFHBP was used as a cross-linker to prepare a series of novel polyurethanes (PUPFs). The composition of the PUPFs was confirmed by FTIR and elemental analysis (EA). The crystalline structure and microstructure of the PUPFs were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The thermal and tensile properties of the PUPFs were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and tensile testing. In addition, the surface energy of the PUPFs was also evaluated by contact angle measurements (CA). The results showed that glass transition temperature of the PUPF-4 was decreased by 15°C, elongation at break was improved by 61% and a 41% decrease in surface energy in comparison with conventional polyurethane. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011