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Temperature-dependent pyrolytic product evolution profile for polypropylene

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Abstract

The composition of the pyrolysis products of plastics depends on disintegration of the macromolecule into variety of hydrocarbon fractions. In this work, a detailed gas chromatographic study of pyrolysis products of polypropylene (PP) between 200 and 600°C was carried out. The pyrograms have been analyzed in terms of amount of different products evolved at various pyrolysis temperatures. At low pyrolysis temperatures (200–300°C), the yield of lighter hydrocarbons (C5-C10) is low; it gradually increases until maximum decomposition temperature (446°C) and decreases thereafter. The following reaction types were considered to explain the decomposition mechanism of PP: (a) main chain cleavage to form chain- terminus radicals; (b) intramolecular hydrogen transfer to generate internal radicals; (c) intermolecular hydrogen transfer to form both volatile products and radicals; and (d) β-scission to form both volatiles and terminally unsaturated polymer chains. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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