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Photodegradation of thermodegraded polypropylene/high-impact polystyrene blends: Mechanical properties

Authors

  • L. L. Fernandes,

    1. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
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  • C. A. Freitas,

    1. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
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  • N. R. Demarquette,

    Corresponding author
    1. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
    • Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
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  • G.J. M. Fechine

    Corresponding author
    1. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Materials Engineering, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Rua da Consolação 930, São Paulo, Brazil 01302-907
    • Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, University of São Paulo, Avenida Professor Melo Moraes 2463, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
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Abstract

The influence of the addition of high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) on polypropylene (PP) photodegradation was studied with blends obtained by extrusion with and without styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) copolymer (10 wt % with respect to the dispersed phase). The concentrations of HIPS ranged from 10 to 30 wt %. The blends and pure materials were exposed for periods of up to 15 weeks of UV irradiation; their mechanical properties (tensile and impact), fracture surface, and melt flow indices were monitored. After 3 weeks of UV exposure, all of the materials presented mechanical properties of the same order of magnitude. However, for times of exposure greater than 3 weeks, an increasing concentration of HIPS resulted in a better photostability of PP. These results were explained in light of morphological observations. This increase of photostability was even greater when SBS was added to the blends. It was more difficult to measure the melt flow index of the binary PP/HIPS blends than that of PP for low concentrations of HIPS; this was most likely due to energy transfer between the blend domains during photodegradation. This phenomenon was not observed for the ternary blends. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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