Rheological and adhesion properties of acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesives



Different pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs) based on acrylic monomers were synthesized under different reaction conditions. The synthesized PSAs have good adhesive properties and without leaving any residue can be easily peeled off from the surface of a substrate. The relationship between PSAs rheological behavior and its adhesion properties (e.g., peel, tack, and shear resistance) has been studied at constant adhesive thickness. The samples were examined for their surface energy and viscoelastic characteristics. It was observed that increase in reaction temperature and reaction time results in decreased storage modulus due to lowered molecular weight, which finally leads to lower elasticity of the PSA. While the storage (G′) and loss (G″) modulus of samples increase with increased initiator concentration, the elasticity of PSA is increased as well. High G″ at high frequency (100 Hz) represents high peel strength because of higher dissipation of viscoelastic energy during debonding. The tack values increase by lowering storage modulus at 1 Hz due to higher Me. Shear values are increased by higher storage modulus at low frequency (0.1 Hz) due to hydrogen bonding of the different components. Some parallel investigations on the surface energy of the samples showed that they have different properties because of the nature of different monomeric units with their corresponding orientations. Our results reveal that the peel strength is not affected by surface energy. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011