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Optical characterization of plasma-polymerized pyrrole-N,N,3,5-tetramethylaniline bilayer thin films

Authors

  • M. M. Kamal,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Engineering and Computer Science, Independent University Bangladesh (IUB), Baridhara, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    • School of Engineering and Computer Science, Independent University Bangladesh (IUB), Baridhara, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
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  • A. H. Bhuiyan

    1. Department of Physics, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Ramna, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
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Abstract

A capacitively coupled parallel-plate reactor has been used to deposit plasma-polymerized pyrrole (PPPy), plasma-polymerized N,N,3,5-tetramethylaniline (PPTMA), and plasma-polymerized pyrrole-N,N,3,5-tetramethylaniline (PPPy-PPTMA) bilayer thin films on to glass substrates at room temperature. To deposit the bilayer films, pyrrole monomer has been used as the mother material and N,N,3,5-tetramethylaniline monomer has been deposited in different deposition time ratios after the pyrrole films were formed. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) spectroscopy techniques have been used to characterize the as-grown thin films of about 500-nm thick. The structural analyses by FTIR spectroscopy have indicated that the monomer has undergone the reorganization and the ring structure is retained during the plasma polymerization. From the UV–vis absorption spectra, allowed direct transition (Eqd) and allowed indirect transition (Eqi) energy gaps were determined. The Eqd for PPPy, PPTMA, and PPPy-PPTMA bilayer films are found to be 3.30, 2.85, and 3.65 eV respectively. On the other hand, the Eqi for the same series are 2.25, 1.80, and 2.35 eV, respectively. From these results, it is seen that the energy gaps of the PPPy-PPTMA bilayer films have been increased compared with the PPPy and PPTMA films. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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