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Preparation and properties of nonionic polyol dispersion from terpinene-maleic ester-type epoxy resin

Authors

  • Guo-Min Wu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Nanjing 210042, China
    3. Key and Open Laboratory on Forest Chemical Engineering, State Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210042, China
    • Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
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  • Zhen-Wu Kong,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Nanjing 210042, China
    3. Key and Open Laboratory on Forest Chemical Engineering, State Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210042, China
    • Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
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  • Jian Chen,

    1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Nanjing 210042, China
    3. Key and Open Laboratory on Forest Chemical Engineering, State Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210042, China
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  • Jian-Chun Jiang

    1. Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Nanjing 210042, China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Biomass Chemical Utilization, Nanjing 210042, China
    3. Key and Open Laboratory on Forest Chemical Engineering, State Forestry Administration, Nanjing 210042, China
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Abstract

A nonionic epoxy-based polyol (NTP) which can be used in place of the commonly used polyol dispersions to prepare two-component waterborne polyurethanes was synthesized with terpinene-maleic ester-type epoxy resin (TME), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and trimethylopropane (TMP) in the presence of sulfuric acid as catalyst. The synthesis process was tracked with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) by investigating the changes of molecular weight and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the product. FTIR was used to characterize the chemical structure of NTP. Major technical parameters of NTP were as follows: hydroxyl value 100 mg/g, hydroxyl group content 3.04%, Tg 4.03°C, and viscosity 150 mPa s (40% solid content). Effect of molecular weights and dosages of PEG on stability of NTP dispersion was examined by particle size analyses. It was found that stable dispersion was obtained when using PEG6000 as hydrophilic chain and its dosage ≥8% by the weight of TME. The average particle size of the prepared dispersion was about 200 nm from particles size and TEM analyses. The NTP dispersion showed characteristic of shear thinning, which indicated it was a pseudoplastic fluid. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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