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Utilization of starch and montmorrilonite for the preparation of superabsorbent nanocomposite

Authors

  • Ming Zhou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Studies Workshop of EOR, State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Siachun, China
    2. Department of Polymer Material, College of Material Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
    • Studies Workshop of EOR, State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Siachun, China
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  • Jinzhou Zhao,

    1. Studies Workshop of Fracturing and Acidizing, State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Siachun, China
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  • Lizhi Zhou

    1. Studies Workshop of Oil & Gas Production, Oil & Gas Engineering Institute of Tarim Oilfield, China
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Abstract

Starch and montmorrilonite (MMT) were used as raw materials for synthesizing starch-graft-poly[acrylamide (AM)–acrylic acid (AA)]/MMT superabsorbent nanocomposite by graft and intercalation copolymerization reaction of starch, AM, and AA in the presence of organic MMT micropowder in aqueous solution. Major factors affecting water absorbency such as weight ratio of monomers to starch, weight ratio of AM to AA, neutralization degree of AA, amount of crosslinker, initiator, and MMT were investigated. The superabsorbent nanocomposite synthesized under optimal synthesis conditions exhibits absorption of 1120 g H2O/g sample and 128 g H2O/g sample in deionized water and in 0.9 wt % NaCl solution, respectively. IR spectra showed that the graft copolymerization between [BOND]OH groups on MMT and monomers took place during the reaction, and that crystal interlayer was pulled open in the superabsorbent nanocomposite. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the crystal interlayer of MMT was pulled open to 2.73 nm, and thus formed nanometer exfoliation composite material. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that starch-graft-poly (AM–AA) superabsorbent nanocomposite (8 wt % MMT) has good thermal stability. This superabsorbent nanocomposite with excellent water absorbency and water retention, being biodegradable in nature, economical and environment friendly, could be especially useful in industry, agricultural, and horticultural applications. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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