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Influence of epoxy resin on the properties of maleic anhydride functionalized acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene copolymer toughened polyamide 6 blends

Authors

  • Sun Shulin,

    1. Engineering Research Center of Synthetic Resin and Special Fiber, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Technology, Changchun, 130012, China
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  • Chen Zhuo,

    1. Engineering Research Center of Synthetic Resin and Special Fiber, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Technology, Changchun, 130012, China
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  • Sun Lili,

    1. Engineering Research Center of Synthetic Resin and Special Fiber, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Technology, Changchun, 130012, China
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  • Zhang Huixuan

    Corresponding author
    1. Engineering Research Center of Synthetic Resin and Special Fiber, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Technology, Changchun, 130012, China
    2. Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, China
    • Engineering Research Center of Synthetic Resin and Special Fiber, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Technology, Changchun, 130012,China
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Abstract

Maleic anhydride functionalized acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene copolymer (ABS-g-MA) was used as an impact modifier of polyamide 6 (PA6). Epoxy resin was introduced into PA6/ABS-g-MA blends to further improve their properties. Notched Izod impact tests showed that the impact strength of PA6/ABS-g-MA could be improved from 253 to 800 J/m with the addition of epoxy resin when the ABS-g-MA content was set at 25 wt %. Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that the addition of epoxy resin made the crystallization temperature and melting temperature shift to lower temperatures; this indicated the decrease in the PA6 crystallization ability. Dynamic mechanical analysis testing showed that the addition of epoxy resin induced the glass-transition temperature of PA6 and the styrene-co-acrylonitrile copolymer phase to shift to higher temperatures due to the chemical reactions between PA6, ABS-g-MA, and epoxy resin. The scanning electron microscopy results indicated that the ABS-g-MA copolymer dispersed into the PA6 matrix uniformly and that the phase morphology of the PA6/ABS-g-MA blends did not change with the addition of the epoxy resin. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the epoxy resin did not change the deformation mechanisms of the PA6/ABS-g-MA blends. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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