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Kinetics of UV-initiated RAFT crosslinking polymerization of dimethacrylates

Authors

  • Ding Zhuo,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Yingbo Ruan,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Xuemei Zhao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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  • Rong Ran

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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Abstract

The UV-initiated RAFT polymerizations of a series of poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylates (PEGDMA) were investigated using differential scanning photocalorimetry (DPC) at room temperature. The rate of the RAFT system was much lower than that of a conventional free radical polymerization. A mild autoacceleration occurred as the addition reaction became diffusion controlled. The influence of the spacer length (CH2CH2O)x between the vinyl moieties of the dimethacrylates on the polymerization kinetics was examined. The polymerization rate of PEGDMA decreased with an increased x value from 4 to 9, but it increased with a further increased x value from 9 to 14. Mechanical properties of the resulting polymers were also examined by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). It was concluded that the presence of the RAFT agent during polymerization of multifunctional monomers did not have an effect on the heterogeneity of the polymer network. In comparison with three different PEGDMAs, the PEGDMA with the longest spacer formed the most homogeneous networks with a lower crosslinking density. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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