Surface-engineered hydroxyapatite nanocrystal/ poly(ε-caprolactone) hybrid scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

Authors

  • So Yeon Kim

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    1. Department of Chemical Engineering Education, College of Education, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, South Korea
    • Department of Chemical Engineering Education, College of Education, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, South Korea
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Abstract

To achieve novel polymer/bioceramic composite scaffolds for use in materials for bone tissue engineering, we prepared organic/inorganic hybrid scaffolds composed of biodegradable poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and hydroxyapatite (HA), which has excellent biocompatibility with hard tissues and high osteoconductivity and bioactivity. To improve the interactions between the scaffolds and osteoblasts, we focused on surface-engineered, porous HA/PCL scaffolds that had HA molecules on their surfaces and within them because of the biochemical affinity between the biotin and avidin molecules. The surface modification of HA nanocrystals was performed with two different methods. Using Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis measurements, we found that surface-modified HA nanocrystals prepared with an ethylene glycol mediated coupling method showed a higher degree of coupling (%) than those prepared via a direct coupling method. HA/PCL hybrid scaffolds with a well-controlled porous architecture were fabricated with a gas-blowing/particle-leaching process. All HA/PCL scaffold samples exhibited approximately 80–85% porosity. As the HA concentration within the HA/PCL scaffolds increased, the porosity of the HA/PCL scaffolds gradually decreased. The homogeneous immobilization of biotin-conjugated HA nanocrystals on a three-dimensional, porous scaffold was observed with confocal microscopy. According to an in vitro cytotoxicity study, all scaffold samples exhibited greater than 80% cell viability, regardless of the HA/PCL composition or preparation method. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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