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Preparation and characterization of polyurea/polyurethane double-shell microcapsules containing butyl stearate through interfacial polymerization



Double-shell microcapsules containing butyl stearate were prepared through interfacial polymerization. The outer shell is polyurea formed through polymerization of toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI) and diethylene triamine, and the inner shell is polyurethane (PU) formed through polymerization of TDI and polypropylene glycol 2000 (PPG2000). Styrene maleic anhydride copolymer was used as emulsifier. The effects of core to monomer ratio and dosage of PPG2000 on core content and encapsulation efficiency of microcapsules were investigated. The core content has a maximum at core to monomer ratio of 3–4, and the encapsulation efficiency has a maximum value of 95% at core to monomer ratio of 2. The prepared microcapsules were smooth and compact and have an obvious latent heat of 85 J/g. The shell structure of microcapsules was polyurea and PU. The average diameter of the microcapsules was 1–5 μm. The stabilities of the double-shell microcapsule, such as anti-ethanol wash and antiheat properties are obviously improved than those of single-shell microcapsule. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011