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Preparation and properties of environmental friendly nonhalogen flame retardant melamine cyanurate/nylon 66 composites



Melamine cyanurate (MCA) was utilized as an environmental friendly additive to prepare the nonhalogen flame retardant MCA/Nylon 66 composites by melt blending technique. Because of the strong hydrogen bond interactions and fine interfacial compatibility between MCA and Nylon 66, the resultant even dispersion of MCA filler in polymer matrix leads to the better toughness and strength of MCA/Nylon 66 composites than those of neat Nylon 66. Both Nylon 66 and MCA/Nylon 66 composites exhibit similar α-crystalline structure, but the presence of MCA influences the distribution of α1 and α2 crystalline phases in Nylon 66 by inducing its hydrogen-bonded sheet separation. Moreover, the blending of MCA and Nylon 66 increases the crystallization temperature and exothermicity but decreases the thermal stability of Nylon 66 and accelerates the degradation of MCA. The MCA/Nylon 66 composites show better flame retardancy at intermediate MCA contents of 10 and 15 wt %. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011