Phase state of polyelectrolyte complexes based on blends of acrylic copolymers

Authors

  • T. I. Kiseleva,

    Corresponding author
    1. A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
    • A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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  • G.A. Shandryuk,

    1. A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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  • R. R. Khasbiullin,

    1. A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 31, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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  • A. A. Shcherbina,

    1. A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 31, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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  • A. E. Chalykh,

    1. A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 31, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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  • M. M. Feldstein

    Corresponding author
    1. A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
    2. D. I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, 9, Miusskaya sqr., 125047, Moscow, Russia
    Current affiliation:
    1. A.V. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 28, Vavilova str., 119991, Moscow, Russia
    • A. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 29, Leninsky Prospect, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract

The phase state of polyelectrolyte blends based on acrylic copolymers was investigated with differential scanning calorimetry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and wedge microinterferometry as a function of the blend composition and ionization of polymer functional groups. A copolymer of N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate with methyl methacrylate and butyl methacrylate was used as a polybase, a copolymer of methacrylic acid and ethyl acrylate was employed as a polyacid, and the optional plasticizer was triethyl citrate. A correlation was established between an earlier described mechanism of molecular interaction and the behavior of the glass-transition temperature (Tg) of the polymer blends. The Tg values of the polyelectrolyte complexes in the gel phase were always higher than Tg in the sol phase. This fact implies that intermolecular cohesion dominated the free volume in the stoichiometric polyelectrolyte complexes formed in the gel phase, whereas nonstoichiometric complexes formed in the sol phase were characterized with the predominant contribution of free volume. TEM and interferograms of polyelectrolyte blends showed the signs of anisotropic ordered supramolecular structure formation. A phase-state diagram of the polyelectrolyte blends was constructed. The stoichiometric polyelectrolyte complex was immiscible with parent polymers, forming a separate phase that became melted at elevation of temperature because of complex dissociation. Polyelectrolyte miscibility was supposed to result rather from the chemical reaction of the complex formation than from interdiffusion of the polymer components along the gradient of their concentration. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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