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Property evaluation and structure analysis of polyurethane/epoxy graft interpenetrating polymer networks



Polyurethanes obtained from 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) and polydiols with different molecular weights (polyethylene glycol and polyoxypropylene diols) were used as modifiers for diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A. Impact strength (IS), critical stress intensity factor (KC), flexural strength and flexural strain at break were measured as a function of polyurethane (PUR) type and content. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were employed for the structure and morphology analysis. It was found that the addition of polyurethane with an excess of isocyanate groups to epoxy resin resulted in the formation of a grafted interpenetrating polymer network structure. The mechanical properties of epoxy resin were improved with 5 and 10% PUR. Moreover, it was observed that composites containing PUR based on higher molecular weight (PUR 1002 and PUR 2002) with long flexible segments exhibited higher impact strength while PUR prepared from polyethylene glycol had a higher flexural energy to break and a higher flexural modulus. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011