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Dielectric properties of new fully conjugated 2H- and metal-pyrazinoporphyrazine network polymers

Authors

  • H. H. Abdel-Razik,

    Corresponding author
    1. Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science & Education (Alkhurma branch), Taif University, Saudi Arabia
    Current affiliation:
    1. Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science (Damietta) 34517, Mansoura University, Egypt
    • Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science & Education (Alkhurma branch), Taif University, Saudi Arabia===

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  • S. El-Sayed,

    1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science & Education (Alkhurma branch), Taif University, Saudi Arabia
    2. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, El Fayoum 63514, Egypt
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  • A. Hassen

    1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science & Education (Alkhurma branch), Taif University, Saudi Arabia
    2. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University, El Fayoum 63514, Egypt
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Abstract

2,7-Di-tert-butylpyrene was oxidized to 2,7-di-tert-butylpyrene-4,5,9,10-tetraone. The latter through condensation reaction with vicinal diamine such as diaminomaleodinitrile afforded heterocyclic monomer, 2,7-di-tert-butyl pyrene[4,5][9,10]bis(2,3-pyrazine-5,6-dinitrile), which was cyclotetramerized to the corresponding 2H- and metal-pyrazinoporphyrazine-based network polymers (2H-PyzPz and M-PyzPz, M = Co, Ni, Zn, or Cu). Elemental analytical results, Infrared, and NMR spectral data of the new prepared molecules are consistent with their assigned formulations. Molecular masses and metal contents of the synthesized polymers proved to be of high molecular masses, which confirm the efficiency of tetramerization polymerization and complexation reactions. Dielectric permittivity, ε′, loss tangent, tan δ, and ac conductivity, σac(ω), of 2H-PyzPz and M-PyzPz films were studied as a function of temperature and frequency. It was found that dielectric permittivity, ε′, decreases with the increase of frequency and increases with the increase in temperature. Ac conductivity, σac(ω), is found to vary as Bωs and the frequency exponent, s, is less than unity around room temperature indicating a dominant hopping process. On the other hand, σac(T) of all samples is thermally activated with low activation energies. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011.

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