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Keywords:

  • poly(arylene ether)s;
  • polyethers;
  • poly(ether ketone)s;
  • pentadecyl;
  • alkyl side-chain;
  • cashew nut shell liquid;
  • CNSL;
  • renewable

Abstract

Poly(ether ether ketone)s and poly(ether ether ketone ketone)s containing pendant pentadecyl chains were synthesized by polycondensation of each of the two bisphenol monomers viz, 1,1,1-[bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4′-pentadecylphenyl]ethane and 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-pentadecyl cyclohexane with activated aromatic dihalides namely, 4,4′-difluorobenzophenone, and 1,3-bis(4-fluorobenzoyl)benzene in a solvent mixture of N,N-dimethylacetamide and toluene, in the presence of anhydrous potassium carbonate. Polymers were isolated as white fibrous materials with inherent viscosities and number average molecular weights in the range 0.70–1.27 dL g−1 and 76,620–1,36,720, respectively. Poly(ether ether ketone)s and poly(ether ether ketone ketone)s were found to be soluble at room temperature in organic solvents such as chloroform, dichloromethane, tetrahydrofuran, and pyridine and could be cast into tough, transparent, and flexible films from their solutions in chloroform. Wide angle X-ray diffraction patterns exhibited a broad halo at around 2θ = ∼ 19° indicating that the polymers containing pentadecyl chains were amorphous in nature. In the small-angle region, diffuse reflections of a typically layered structures resulting from the packing of pentadecyl side chains were observed. The temperature at 10% weight loss, obtained from TG curves, for poly(ether ether ketone)s and poly(ether ether ketone ketone)s were in the range 416–459°C, indicating their good thermal stability. A substantial drop in glass transition temperatures (68–78°C) was observed for poly(ether ether ketone)s and poly(ether ether ketone ketone)s due to “internal plasticization” effect of flexible pendant pentadecyl chains. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011