Accelerated weathering of pectin/poly(vinyl alcohol) blends studied by spectroscopic methods

Authors

  • Halina Kaczmarek,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Polymer Chemistry and Photochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarin 7 Street, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
    • Department of Polymer Chemistry and Photochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
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  • Aldona Da¸browska,

    1. Department of Polymer Chemistry and Photochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarin 7 Street, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
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  • Irena Vuković-Kwiatkowska

    1. Department of Polymer Chemistry and Photochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarin 7 Street, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
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Abstract

The blends of pectin (PEC) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) at different components ratios were prepared by mixing in water. Thin polymeric films of PEC/PVA blends and pure polymers were obtained by casting method. All samples were then artificially aged using Suntest apparatus (Atlas) up to 780 h. The changes in chemical structure during sample ageing have been monitored by infrared and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopies. The first stage of weathering (up to ∼ 300 h) was very slow and alteration of chemical structure was negligible in all samples. Prolonged ageing (>300 h) caused more significant degradation processes. FTIR spectra exhibited the highest changes in hydroxyl and carbonyl band ranges indicating the efficient photooxidation of macromolecules. The mechanisms of the observed processes have been discussed. It was found that PVA undergoes faster photoxidative degradation than pectin aged at the same conditions. The PEC/PVA blends exhibited the improved resistance to weathering comparing with both polymers aged individually. Mutual stabilization effect can be explained by intermolecular interactions between PEC and PVA confirmed by spectroscopic methods. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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