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Pretreatment of polypropylene films for the creation of thin polymer layers, part 1: The use of chemical, electrochemical, and UV methods

Authors

  • Wieslawa Urbaniak-Domagala

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    1. Department of Fiber Physics and Textile Metrology, Technical University of Lodz, Center of Advanced Technologies for Human Friendly Textiles “Pro Humano Tech,” Poland
    • Department of Fiber Physics and Textile Metrology, Technical University of Lodz, Center of Advanced Technologies for Human Friendly Textiles “Pro Humano Tex,” Poland
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Abstract

The surface of a polypropylene (PP) film was activated with chemical, electrochemical, and physical methods, and the effectiveness of these methods was compared. The effects of PP activation were assessed with attenuated total reflection IR spectroscopy (ATR-IR), SEM microscopy, and an analysis, based on the liquid contact angle, of the free energy components of the surface. The activation of the PP surface, which was dependent on the oxidizing medium, increased the energy of the PP surface layer and formed new chemical (carbonyl) groups, which were identified by IR (ATR) absorption spectroscopy and confirmed by selective surface dyeing. The treatments were ranked in the following order of increasing effectiveness: UV irradiation < 3M nitric acid < 30% hydrogen peroxide < silver nitrate (electrochemical method) < chromic mixture. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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