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Keywords:

  • waste tire rubber;
  • ozone;
  • graft copoly-merization;
  • hydrophilicity;
  • XPS

Abstract

Grinding of tires offers a promising opportunity for recycling waste rubber because fine waste tire rubber particle may be used as fillers and property modifiers in thermoplastic, elastomer, and thermoset blends. However, due to the lack of reactive sites on the WTR surface, the adhesion between WTR powder and matrix is poor. In this article, ozonization of waste tire rubber (WTR) powder was performed to produce some “immobile” reactive points (hydroperoxide groups) on the WTR surface. The free radical generated by the decomposition of hydroperoxide groups on WTR surface, was used to initiate graft polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto the surface of WTR powder. The experimental results showed that MMA was successfully grafted onto the surface of WTR. The hydrophilicity of the MMA grafted WTR (MMA-g-WTR) was improved. The concentration of hydroperoxide groups and the graft degree were both increased with ozonization time. With increasing of polymerization time and polymerization temperature, the grafting degree increased. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011