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Investigation of polyurethane (urea)/modified nano-calcium carbonate hybrid aqueous dispersions and their films

Authors

  • Yang Dongya,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang People's Republic of China 212013
    • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang People's Republic of China 212013
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  • Zhang Hanqing,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang People's Republic of China 212013
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  • Qiu Fengxian,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang People's Republic of China 212013
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  • Han Li

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang People's Republic of China 212013
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Abstract

This investigation was focused on properties of polyurethane (urea) (PUU) by incorporating silica sol-modified nano-calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The FT-IR spectroscopy and ζ potential measurement indicated the presence of a hybrid effect due to the hydrogen bonding between the nano particles and the polymer matrix. For these hybrid aqueous dispersions, the particle size decreased as the modified nano-CaCO3 content increased, and the polydispersity index was very narrow (<1.20). Films prepared with the hybrid PUU aqueous dispersions exhibited excellent waterproof performance: the amount of water absorption was as low as 9.0 wt %, and the contact angle of water on the surface of this kind of film was as high as 93°C. TGA results indicated the high thermal stability of hybrid PUU polymers (223–255°C). The properties like tensile strength, hardness, and elongation at break were influenced by the modified nano-CaCO3 content in the polymers. The hybrid PUU with 15 wt % modified nano-CaCO3 content showed the optimum properties. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012

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