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Keywords:

  • fluorinated aromatic poly(ester amide);
  • pendant trifluoromethylphenoxy group;
  • 1,4-bis(4-amino phenoxycarbonyl)-2-(4-trifluoromethylphenoxy)benzene;
  • low-temperature solution polycondensation

Abstract

A new diamine monomer, 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxycarbonyl)-2-(4-trifluoromethylphenoxy)benzene containing the trifluoromethyl and ester groups, was prepared from 2-(4-trifluoromethylphenoxy)terephthalyol chloride and 4-nitrophenol in two steps. Then, a series of novel aromatic poly(ester amide)s containing pendant trifluoromethylphenoxy groups with inherent viscosities of 0.51–1.14 dL/g have been prepared by low-temperature solution polycondensation from this diamine with various aromatic diacid chlorides. All the poly(ester amide)s are amorphous and readily soluble in many organic solvents such as N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC) and dimethyl sulfoxide. Tough and flexible polymer films cast from DMAc solutions have tensile strengths of 89–114 MPa, elongations at break of 5.8–8.8%, and initial moduli of 2.2–3.2 GPa. These poly(ester amide)s show glass transition temperatures between 166 and 256°C, 10% weight loss temperatures ranging from 395 to 445°C, and char yields higher of 46–56% at 800°C in nitrogen, and also exhibit low dielectric constants ranging from 3.31 to 3.52 (1 MHz), and high transparency with an ultraviolet–visible absorption cut-off wavelength in the 362–380 nm range. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012